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XML Tutorial

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XML AJAX

AJAX Introduction AJAX XMLHttp AJAX Request AJAX Response AJAX XML File AJAX PHP AJAX ASP AJAX Database AJAX Applications AJAX Examples

XML DOM

DOM Introduction DOM Nodes DOM Accessing DOM Node Info DOM Node List DOM Traversing DOM Navigating DOM Get Values DOM Change Nodes DOM Remove Nodes DOM Replace Nodes DOM Create Nodes DOM Add Nodes DOM Clone Nodes DOM Examples

XPath Tutorial

XPath Introduction XPath Nodes XPath Syntax XPath Axes XPath Operators XPath Examples

XSLT Tutorial

XSLT Introduction XSL Languages XSLT Transform XSLT <template> XSLT <value-of> XSLT <for-each> XSLT <sort> XSLT <if> XSLT <choose> XSLT Apply XSLT on the Client XSLT on the Server XSLT Edit XML XSLT Examples

XQuery Tutorial

XQuery Introduction XQuery Example XQuery FLWOR XQuery HTML XQuery Terms XQuery Syntax XQuery Add XQuery Select XQuery Functions

XML DTD

DTD Introduction DTD Building Blocks DTD Elements DTD Attributes DTD Elements vs Attr DTD Entities DTD Examples

XSD Schema

XSD Introduction XSD How To XSD <schema> XSD Elements XSD Attributes XSD Restrictions

XSD Complex

XSD Elements XSD Empty XSD Elements Only XSD Text Only XSD Mixed XSD Indicators XSD <any> XSD <anyAttribute> XSD Substitution XSD Example

XSD Data

XSD String XSD Date XSD Numeric XSD Misc XSD Reference

Web Services

XML Services XML WSDL XML SOAP XML RDF XML RSS

References

DOM Node Types DOM Node DOM NodeList DOM NamedNodeMap DOM Document DOM Element DOM Attribute DOM Text DOM CDATA DOM Comment DOM XMLHttpRequest DOM Parser XSLT Elements XSLT/XPath Functions

AJAX - Server Response


The onreadystatechange Property

The readyState property holds the status of the XMLHttpRequest.

The onreadystatechange property defines a function to be executed when the readyState changes.

The status property and the statusText property holds the status of the XMLHttpRequest object.

Property Description
onreadystatechange Defines a function to be called when the readyState property changes
readyState Holds the status of the XMLHttpRequest.
0: request not initialized
1: server connection established
2: request received
3: processing request
4: request finished and response is ready
status 200: "OK"
403: "Forbidden"
404: "Page not found"
For a complete list go to the Http Messages Reference
statusText Returns the status-text (e.g. "OK" or "Not Found")

The onreadystatechange function is called every time the readyState changes.

When readyState is 4 and status is 200, the response is ready:

Example

function loadDoc() {
    var xhttp = new XMLHttpRequest();
    xhttp.onreadystatechange = function() {
        if (this.readyState == 4 && this.status == 200) {
            document.getElementById("demo").innerHTML =
            this.responseText;
       }
    };
    xhttp.open("GET", "ajax_info.txt", true);
    xhttp.send();
}
Try it Yourself »

Note: The onreadystatechange event is triggered five times (0-4), one time for each change in readyState.


Using a Callback Function

A callback function is a function passed as a parameter to another function.

If you have more than one AJAX task in a website, you should create one function for executing the XMLHttpRequest object, and one callback function for each AJAX task.

The function call should contain the URL and what function to call when the response is ready.

Example

loadDoc("url-1", myFunction1);

loadDoc("url-2", myFunction2);

function loadDoc(url, cFunction) {
  var xhttp;
  xhttp=new XMLHttpRequest();
  xhttp.onreadystatechange = function() {
    if (this.readyState == 4 && this.status == 200) {
      cFunction(this);
    }
 };
  xhttp.open("GET", url, true);
  xhttp.send();
}

function myFunction1(xhttp) {
  // action goes here
}
function myFunction2(xhttp) {
  // action goes here
}
Try it Yourself »

Server Response Properties

Property Description
responseText get the response data as a string
responseXML get the response data as XML data

Server Response Methods

Method Description
getResponseHeader() Returns specific header information from the server resource
getAllResponseHeaders() Returns all the header information from the server resource

The responseText Property

The responseText property returns the server response as a JavaScript string, and you can use it accordingly:

Example

document.getElementById("demo").innerHTML = xhttp.responseText;
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The responseXML Property

The XML HttpRequest object has an in-built XML parser.

The responseXML property returns the server response as an XML DOM object.

Using this property you can parse the response as an XML DOM object:

Example

Request the file cd_catalog.xml and parse the response:

xmlDoc = xhttp.responseXML;
txt = "";
x = xmlDoc.getElementsByTagName("ARTIST");
for (i = 0; i < x.length; i++) {
  txt += x[i].childNodes[0].nodeValue + "<br>";
  }
document.getElementById("demo").innerHTML = txt;
xhttp.open("GET", "cd_catalog.xml", true);
xhttp.send();
Try it Yourself »

You will learn a lot more about XML DOM in the DOM chapters of this tutorial.


The getAllResponseHeaders() Method

The getAllResponseHeaders() method returns all header information from the server response.

Example

var xhttp = new XMLHttpRequest();
xhttp.onreadystatechange = function() {
  if (this.readyState == 4 && this.status == 200) {
    document.getElementById("demo").innerHTML =
    this.getAllResponseHeaders();
  }
};
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The getResponseHeader() Method

The getResponseHeader() method returns specific header information from the server response.

Example

var xhttp = new XMLHttpRequest();
xhttp.onreadystatechange = function() {
  if (this.readyState == 4 && this.status == 200) {
    document.getElementById("demo").innerHTML =
    this.getResponseHeader("Last-Modified");
  }
};
xhttp.open("GET", "ajax_info.txt", true);
xhttp.send();
Try it Yourself »